I arrive at Nitobe Memorial Garden ten minutes before the scheduled interview time in order to give myself the opportunity to walk around and take in the gorgeous, meticulously arranged landscape. It’s a hot late spring afternoon, and the canopy of maple trees enclosing the garden’s trails provides welcome relief from the heat. Cherry trees, azaleas, and irises, all brought from Japan, also form part of the scenery inside this walled corner of campus. Nitobe is a totally unique space within UBC, as a traditional Japanese Tea and Stroll garden considered by experts to be one of the finest and most authentic outside of Japan. Walking along the path, one comes across landmarks such as the Island of Eternity, a turtle-shaped rock statue (turtles represent longevity) in the reflecting pond (which is teeming with koi fish), completed by other rocks representing the turtle’s flippers, head and tail. The whole garden is filled with symbolic representations of traditional Japanese philosophy and spirituality, which, combined with the imported and traditionally manicured flora, create a truly genuine Japanese garden.
As I continue on the trail, I come across Nitobe’s venerable curator, Ryo Sugiyama, who is busy working on a pine tree. Ryo has been Nitobe’s main curator and horticulturist since 2010, and maintains Nitobe with traditional Japanese pruning methods to ensure it remains as authentic as possible. He points me towards the westernmost outer fence of the 2.5-acre garden when I ask him where to find my interview subject. I make my way past several lanterns adorned with zodiac and lotus symbols until I reach the area, but I don’t see anyone. That’s when I detect movement near the fence, and see a stick protruding from a tree… and someone holding it. Yu Ozaki is deep in concentration, diligently measuring the branch length of a western hemlock as I approach over the mossy ground. He turns around and sees the camera hanging from my neck, and greets me warmly. We’ve agreed to chat about the work he does at Nitobe Memorial Garden, the internship that got him here, and how this experience has helped shape his plans for the future.
It turns out that while tree measuring is a common activity for him these days, he also partakes in many of the same duties Ryo does—most importantly, maintaining the Garden’s traditional Japanese character through relentless manicuring. “I study forestry at the Tokyo University of Agriculture—my major is not horticulture or landscaping—but I’m so interested in working at Nitobe and getting to practice horticulture-related activities” he says. Yu is this year’s recipient of the Ian Gillam International Exchange Fellowship, given to outstanding students interested in expanding their research with hands-on experience at Nitobe Memorial Garden (it also includes a horticulture component), and has been working there since April. There are other internships available too, which take students to different areas of UBC Botanical Garden, and they are all a part of the Garden’s commitment to fostering research and inter-cultural cooperation in order to combat the negative effects of climate change and the loss of biodiversity currently happening across the world.
“I came here because I’ve been to Nitobe many times in the past, before my internship began” explains Yu. “My university suggested that I work here, so I applied.” His working hours are divided between horticulture activities, supervised by Ryo, and research activities, supervised long-distance by both Yu’s Tokyo University of Agriculture forest resource management professor, Takayoshi Sato, and UBC Botanical Garden’s Associate Director of Horticulture and Collections, Douglas Justice. “Every morning I usually clean the garden, blow the leaves, cut the branches, and take out weeds,” he says. “Ryo teaches me how to maintain the Garden; everything from how to cut trees and bushes to how to use the leaf blower and mow the lawns.” As we walk around, he points out trees and plants of interest, including some particularly unusual maple trees (outside of Japan). “Afternoons are research time for me, which is quite flexible. Sometimes I have to use my laptop but I’m usually measuring the trees” Yu explains. “Nitobe has over 450 trees, which is such a large amount.”
Being from Japan, Yu is used to the kind of flora and architecture on display at Nitobe (it also features a traditional Japanese tea house), but he still considers it a unique location. “When I was counting trees, I was surprised to find a lot of conifer trees.” Conifers, like western hemlock and Douglas fir, are native to British Columbia, and are rarely found in Japan. “The garden is very authentic, but unusual for me because of the conifer trees. I’m very interested in them because of their size; I’m thrilled to measure them because there are none in Japan.” Yu considers Nitobe to be “magnificent” and states that he “really appreciates working here, it’s a great experience for me, I really appreciate that I received the internship from the Ian Gillam fellowship.”
His ultimate research goal as part of the internship is to create a 3D map of all the trees at Nitobe, which he hopes will help illustrate the interactions between trees in the Garden. “My research focus is the tree structure of the Garden—by surveying and mapping the tree structure inside Nitobe, I will show the complex relationships between the trees. I’m also examining the implications of future urban forest management, and evaluating the landscape and aesthetics based on Japanese beauty and “Wa”—the idea of peace that Japanese culture has to be based on” he says.
As a forestry major, Yu is used to working in close proximity with nature and hopes to remain in this type of environment in the future, and he credits the internship with reaffirming a passion for sustainability and conservation. “This internship reminds me of how important saving nature and the environment is—in the future I could see myself heading towards studying conservation because I want to contribute to keeping the environment clean and helping reduce global warming.” As we part ways, I pass over the 77-log bridge, which was meant to represent Nitobe Garden founder Dr. Inazo Nitobe’s desire to be “a bridge over the Pacific.” It seems that mission is growing stronger every year thanks to programs like the internship, and bright young minds like Yu who carry it forward.
Submitted by Matias Taylor, Marketing & Communications Assistant, June 13, 2017